Taurine Benefits and Properties

Taurine is an amino acid that is produced via L-cysteine metabolism and is the primary intracellular amino acid found in humans and other species of animals. Especially high concentrations of taurine are found in the brain, retine, myocardium, muscle, platelets, and neutrophils. It is considered a conditionally essential amino acid because it is required in the diet of infants for normal retinal and brain development.

Funny enough, research on benefits of taurine for humans was not a priority until it was found that it was an essential nutrient for cats. Cats suffering from taurine deficiency experience a number of abnormalities including retinal degeneration, dilated cardiomyopath, and platelet function abnormalities. Following the discovery of the effects of taurine deficiency in cats, it was also observed that infants fed baby formula lacking proper amounts of taurine had lower plasma levels than infants who were breast fed. Taurine is now a common additive found in most infant formulas.

Taurine is used in the body to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins as well as to regulate the heart beat, maintain cell membrane stability, and prevent brain cell over-activity.

Dosage

For use in connection with a variety of conditions, physicians usually recommend 1.5 grams to as much as 6 grams per day.

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