Curcumin Information and Benefits

Curcumin is the most plentiful of the curcuminoids (polyphenolic pigments) found in turmeric. The term turmeric is used to refer both to the turmeric plant and to the spice derived from the rhizomes of the plant. The major curcuminoids found in turmeric are curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin. These substances comprise 3 to 6 of the turmeric plant's total composition. Curcumin makes up 70 to 75 of the curcuminoids, demethoxycurcumin at 15 to 20 and bisdemethoxycurcumin at about 3.

Curcuminoids are extracted from turmeric using a process that involves ethanol. Curcumin is the most studied of the curcuminoids. In pure form, it is an orange-yellow, crystalline powder that is insoluble in water.

The curcuminoids, such as Curcumin, may have anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory (including anti-arthritic), antiviral, antifungal, and immune-modulating effects.

Dosage

Curcuminoid supplements are available that contain curcumin at 70 to 75, demethoxycurcumin at 15 to 20 and bisdemethoxycurcumin at about 3. Doses used range from 500 to 4000 milligrams daily, and they are taken with meals.

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