Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Symptoms and Remedies

Benign prostatic hyperplasia, commonly referred to as “BPH”, is a non-malignant enlargement of the male prostate gland.

The prostate gland is located right beneath the bladder and encircles the urethra - the tube that drains urine from the male’s bladder. The primary purpose of the prostate gland is to produce seminal fluid that helps to nourish and transport sperm.

At birth the prostate is no larger than a pea but it continues to grow throughout adolescence and early adulthood until it reaches the size of a walnut. Many men, if not all men, usually experience another period of prostate growth in their mid- to late 40s. During this second period of growth the cells in the portion of the prostate that surrounds the urethra begin to reproduce more rapidly. This growth often compresses the urethra leading to partial blockage of urine flow. This condition is referred to as Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

About half of all men in their 60s and up to 90 percent of men over age 70 suffer from some form of BPH. Treatment for BPH depends on the severity of the condition and may include surgery, medication or nonsurgical therapies.